Awesome Things You Never Knew About The Yucatán Peninsula

Yucatán Peninsula

The Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico has long had a distinct atmosphere, owing to its geographical isolation from the capital (or any other significant town). While you may be aware that the Yucatán Peninsula is home to Chichén Itzá, Cancun, and a plethora of Mayan culture, there are a slew of other fascinating facts about the region. To get you started, here are some interesting facts about this amazing location.

The Chicxulub crater, located on the Yucatán Peninsula, was produced by an asteroid measuring 6 to 9 miles (10 to 15 kilometers) in diameter. The collision, which occurred roughly 65 million years ago, produced global climate difficulties and may have driven dinosaur extinction.

The peninsula is home to the states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo. Northern portions of neighboring Belize and Guatemala are also included.

The origins of the word Yucatán are disputed. A Spanish explorer had asked a native what the location was called, according to Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. He apparently replied, “Uma’anaatik ka t’ann,” which means “I do not understand you” in Mayan. The Spanish named the area Yucatán after misinterpreting his statement.

Trova music, which has roots in Cuban and Colombian rhythms, is famous throughout the Yucatán. One of the most popular trova songs is La Peregrina (The Pilgrim). The mournful ballad, written by Ricardo Palmern in 1923, was commissioned by the Governor of Yucatán, Felipe Carrillo, for his fiancée, the American journalist Alma Reed. Unfortunately, the romance did not work out. While Reed was in San Francisco preparing for their wedding, Carrillo was killed by a rebel force.

Chichén Itzá, the only Mayan site named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, is an astonishingly well-preserved Mayan town that was once a major spiritual and economic hub. The complex is dominated by a huge stepped pyramid, as well as temples and Mayan ruins.

The hamlet of Puerto Progreso, located in the northern part of the Yucatán Peninsula, contains the world’s longest pier. Progreso Pier, which was originally just 2km (1.2mi) long, today spans more than 7km (4mi) into the Gulf of Mexico, serving as a cargo and passenger ship disembarkation point.

A network of underground rivers has formed amazing caves and submerged sinkholes known as cenotes. Cenotes are popular places to swim, snorkel, and dive because they are formed by the eroding of limestone over hundreds of years.

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The Yucatan Peninsula is one of the world’s most popular resort destinations, attracting millions of visitors each year who want to take advantage of Mexico’s sunny beaches and all-inclusive resorts. However, the peninsula is more than just photos of Americans on spring break. Beyond the beautiful beaches, you’ll discover an ancient world of Mayan ruins and vibrant colonial neighborhoods.

Good food, lively music, and friendly people await you on a Mexican vacation to the Yucatan. You’ll also have the chance to explore the jungle and visit well-preserved temples and pyramids. The resorts are fantastic, but the Yucatan Peninsula has so much more than all-inclusive luxury.

Let us begin with the obvious. Mexico offers some of the world’s most beautiful beaches, many of which are located on the Yucatan Peninsula, which straddles the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. In most of Canada and the United States, the name Cancun is synonymous with the word “resort,” and if you’re searching for a sunny escape, Cancun is the place to go. The city was founded in the 1970s and is located on a stretch of powdery golden sand beaches and turquoise waters, making it an obvious location for a beach resort. All along the shore, you’ll have your pick of excellent, all-inclusive resorts. You can spend your time in the ocean kayaking or paddleboarding, or scuba diving or snorkeling through some of the coral groves off the coast. The city also has two excellent golf courses. It’s also close enough to the Mayan sites of Tulum and Chichen Itza for day visits.

Playa del Carmen, located about 70 kilometers south of Cancun, began as a fishing community but has now evolved into a resort town with a distinct European vibe. Shoppers spend the majority of their time meandering down Quinta Avenida or Fifth Avenue, perusing the shops and boutiques that line the streets. In the evening, musicians swarm the street, filling the air with lovely sounds. Of course, the beaches along the coast are major draws for visitors to Mexico and should be the emphasis of your time in Playa del Carmen. You can, however, simply travel to Cozumel and Tulum to see their ruins. Head to the Xcaret Theme Park for a day excursion closer to the city.

Visit the Xcaret Theme Park, which has a reproduction of a Mayan village and allows you to swim with dolphins. The beaches of the Yucatan Peninsula are undeniably appealing to most visitors, but the Mayan ruins are the true gems of a Mexico holiday here. Chichen Itza, Coba, Tulum, and Uxmal feature the best ruins in Central America and some of the world’s best archaeological treasures. Exploring these sites will reveal pre-Columbian pyramids, temples, and ball courts that indicate advanced engineering techniques and complicated astrological beliefs.

Chichen Itza is the most well-known and largest of the Yucatan’s ancient Mayan ruins, as well as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Chichen Itza, located in the peninsula’s center-north, around 160 kilometers west of Cancun and 120 kilometers east of Merida, receives approximately two million people each year. The remains are over 1,500 years old and are marked by the colossal Pyramid of Kukulcan, also known as El Castillo. When you first arrive at the site, you’ll discover the pyramid towering above you, which will take your breath away. Climbing the pyramid has been prohibited since 2006, yet it remains one of the most stunning tourist attractions in the world. Every evening, a sound and light display brings it to life.

Chichen Itza is the best-known and largest of Yucatan’s ancient Mayan ruins, as well as one of the world’s New Seven Wonders. Chichen Itza, located in the peninsula’s center-north, around 160 kilometers west of Cancun and 120 kilometers east of Merida, draws about two million people each year. The 1,500-year-old remains are marked by the towering Pyramid of Kukulcan, also known as El Castillo. 

When you arrive for the first time, The primary attraction is the Pyramid of the Magician, but there are plenty of other buildings of varied sizes and artistic patterns 온라인카지노, so you get a good idea of the variety of Mayan architecture here. Furthermore, the ruins’ extraordinary state provides the best idea of what the area would have looked like during Mayan times.

Tulum, on the coast south of Playa del Carmen, is a renowned tourist town, but it was originally a pre-Columbian walled city and one of the most gorgeous sites on the Yucatan Peninsula. Tulum, which served as a Mayan garrison city between the 13th and 15th centuries, is most notable for its location atop a series of 12m-high cliffs overlooking the sea.

The beaches and ruins will always be the most well-known aspects of the Yucatan Peninsula, but that doesn’t mean the cities aren’t worthwhile. Merida, the peninsula’s cultural capital, is well worth a visit on a Mexico holiday. The city is noted for its blend of historic architecture and restaurants serving the best in modern cuisine. It’s about an hour and a half away from Chichen Itza and is a fantastic location for touring the Mayan ruins. The city’s boutique hotels provide nice accommodations, and the large central market is a terrific spot to browse for gifts.

Head to the Plaza de la Independencia to see the city’s stunning architecture, which includes the huge Merida Cathedral and the limestone Iglesia de la Tercera Orden. These two cathedrals were built using components from Mayan temples, and they serve as a link between Mexico’s Mayan and European heritages.

Campeche, the capital of the Mexican state of the same name, is located on the peninsula’s west coast. Campeche may be the best-kept secret on the Yucatan Peninsula. Campeche is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with pastel residences and a lovely, old-world ambience, defined by its baroque colonial old walled city. The city is well known for the hundreds of restored haciendas erected during the colonial era by affluent merchants and traders. You won’t find more beautiful colonial architecture in Central America.

Beyond the cities, there are numerous national parks and biosphere reserves where you can explore Mexico’s rainforests or the shoreline. Garrafon National Park and Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve have sections of jungle and coastal reefs where you can view monkeys, sea turtles, and an uncountable number of birds in the jungle canopy.

The Yucatán Peninsula is a place where you can stay at gorgeous resorts and spend your time savouring the pleasures of a beach getaway 카지노사이트 추천. It’s also a destination where you can explore some of the world’s greatest ruins and experience vibrant cultural treasures. It is a place of history and culture in addition to being one of the world’s great vacation getaways.

How Did Hitler Rise to Power?

Adolf Hitler

The Nazi Party and its leader, Adolf Hitler, rose to power in a Germany wracked by economic and political crisis.

Most of those who assisted the Foreign Office at the time understood the dangers of right-wing religion, but they could not foresee the Nazi regime’s effect on totalitarianism and destruction. In 1931, Erich Koch-Weser, a prominent German liberal politician, stated that the Nazis were the main threat among the groups exploiting the “political power” of the time.

But he called the ability to hold “extremely confusing”. In 1932, journalist Paul Scheffer explored Hitler’s “uncanny skill” in playing on German anxiety, hatred, and hope, but he remained skeptical of the Nazis’ ability to “translate into political useful”.

After the party’s success in the general election, Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany in 1933. From there, social and political changes in the country were rapid. Hamilton Fish Armstrong, a collector of foreign material, wrote later that year: “One by one continues to fall into this last prison will protect against the unchallenged Nazi tyranny. Questions were asked about how the Nazis would manage at home and how they would push their “absurd” and “intolerant” policies abroad. But in those first few months, Armstrong said, “we can’t pretend there’s good evidence to ease our fears.”

Even years later, when the Second World War began, the grip of the Nazi regime on German society – described by the journalist Dorothy Thompson in 1940 as a revolution based on “Hitler’s psychopathy” – is difficult to understand. It is easy to understand the magnitude of the threat posed by Nazi Germany. As Thompson said, “The West is facing the greatest danger in its entire history.”

The rise to power of the Nazis

In the nine years between 1924 and 1933, the Nazi Party grew from a small violent party to the largest elected in the Reichstag. Reorganization at the Bamberg Conference

When Hitler was in prison following the Munich Putsch in 1923, Alfred Rosenberg took over as the leader of the Nazi Party. Rosenberg was an ineffective leader, and the party was divided on important issues. The failure of the Munich putsch showed Hitler that he could not take power by force. As a result, Hitler decided to change course and focus instead on gaining the support of the democratic government for his party and being elected to power. After he was released from prison on December 20, 1924, Hitler convinced the Chancellor of Bavaria to lift the ban on the Nazi movement.

In February 1926, Hitler organized the Bamberg Conference. Hitler wanted to convene the meeting and come up with a plan for the next few years. Although some small differences remained, Hitler was very successful in uniting the socialist and nationalist elements of the party. In the same year, Hitler reorganized the Nazi organization to make it more effective.

First, the Nazi Party adopted a new system, which divided Germany into regions called the Gaue. Each Gaue has its own leader, the Gauleiter. Each Gaue is divided into subdivisions called Kreise. Each Kreise has its own leader, called the Kreisleiter. Each Kreise was divided into smaller sections, each with its own leader, and so on. Each of these sections was in charge of the section above them, and Hitler was at the top of the group with the most authority.

The Nazis also created new groups for various professions, from children to doctors to lawyers.

These goals are to enter into existing public buildings and help the group to gain more members and supporters.

These political changes changed the Nazi movement from a military organization focused on overthrowing the nation by force to one that gained power through popular vote and support.

The History of the Australian Slang Word “Smoko” and Its Place in Modern Trade and Farming Days

Smoko

If you are a merchant or you work in the ground, when it’s time to cut down, pull out stumps, make thorns, that means it’s time to smoke.

An Australian company, the mid-morning break in recent years has become very healthy, linked to smoking cessation and other opportunities to recharge for the day. Attracting international attention due to Smoko’s famous song by Australian band The Chats, the word killer has come into the limelight and many are now wondering what it is and where it came from.

What is smoko? The Macquarie Dictionary defines smoko as (1) a break from morning or afternoon work, initially to allow time for workers to smoke; (2) food or drink consumed at that time.

Specialists in the field of smoko actually work at the Australian National Dictionary Center in Canberra. Mark Gwynn is a senior researcher at the center and said the official explanation is available.

“It’s a tea break, a break from work,” he said. “It can also mean the food and drinks that are served during this holiday season.”

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Kennedy MP Bob Katter takes a daily cigarette break.

“Smoko is the reason why we shouldn’t be working too much during the day,” he said. “When I had the drummers working in St. Francis [Station], they thought the smoke should be there 20 hours a day.

“For smoko, I like tea with condensed milk and a piece of toast with butter on it.”

For down-to-earth people like Ray Fleming in McKinlay, North West Queensland, smoking provides an opportunity to recharge. “It’s just a morning break to stop for 10 minutes and have medicine and something to eat and put fuel in the tank and come back again,” he said.

The Beginning of the Word

The origin of smoko is difficult to find, but experts believe that it started as a call to workers in the form of “smoke-oh! smoke-oh!”. “The first evidence for the word is that we see that it is spelled with an H at the end, so it comes from a call to the bottom of the device,” Gwynn said.

The first evidence of the eruption itself dates back to the mid-1850s. “There are some early references to this break where the guys put down their tools and have a smoke that was recorded in the Victorian Gold Rush era,” he said.

Queenslanders will be happy to know that the Sunshine State can claim to have used the term first. “Our first evidence came from the Moreton Bay Courier,” Mr Gwynn said.

The word has changed recently, with a call to gather for a smoke and a chance to drink coffee rolls and sausages. “It’s really out there in the blue in the business world these days that we don’t necessarily all have to have a cigarette or even a vape, it’s really about the vacation itself and having a vacation .” Gwynn said.

A Favorite Smoke Remedy for Rural Australians

Whether you’re working on a construction site in the city or rounding up cattle in the countryside, smoko can only compete with what’s in your lunchbox. Scones, cakes, pastries, sangas, what are the must-haves these days?

Grazier Jay Hughes from Richmond, North West Queensland, said his favorite snack was scones. He said: “My grandmother made them, so we grew up with them when we were children 카지노사이트.

“It will be jam first, then cream last.”

The classic scone is a favorite among locals, including Ruth Chaplain who lives in Wynberg Station, near Cloncurry in northwest Queensland. “My favorite thing about smoko would be anything freshly baked, I hope it’s not me!” he says.

“My mother-in-law makes really good pumpkin pies, and they’re great, they last a long time, our favorite.”

For those who love to cook, like Lachlan Smith of McKinley in North West Queensland, the world is yours when it comes to edibles. “My favorite smoko is raspberry candy,” he said.

But not all rural Australians follow the one-cup-and-treat approach, with some, like rancher Adam Coffey of Miriam Vale in central Queensland, opting for a “big cup of coffee”. during his vacation. “I’m a bit of a coffee snob now and a little bit, but I bought a coffee machine six or seven years ago,” he said.

“I took this plain white for smoko and it must be good coffee, not instant.”

Elon Musk Has Lost More Money Than Anyone in History

Elon Musk

The destruction of Elon Musk’s fortune has become history.

The CEO of Tesla (TSLA), SpaceX and Twitter is worth $137 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, good for second place in the world’s richest list behind LVMH (LVMHF) CEO Bernard Arnault. But at its peak in November 2021, Musk’s net worth reached $340 billion.

That makes Musk the first person to lose a $200 billion fortune, Bloomberg reported last week. Much of Musk’s wealth is tied to Tesla (TSLA), whose stock is down 65% in 2022. Demand for Tesla (TSLA) has slowed as competition from electric cars from established automakers has weakened over the years. past. The company missed its target and cut production in China. Fourth-quarter sales, announced Monday, missed Wall Street estimates.

Evidence of car buyers’ waning interest in Teslas became apparent last month as the company announced a rare sale in an effort to clear inventory. Tesla has offered two rebates for customers who take delivery of the car before the end of the year, first offering a rebate of $3,750 and then increasing the rebate to $7,500 in the two weeks remaining in 2022. Investors were shocked by the discount, sending the stock down 37% in December.

Read: Elon Musk’s Launches New Perfume Business to Buy Twitter

Critics have long wondered whether Tesla is worth its billion-dollar valuation by early 2022. On top of its numbers, Tesla is worth more than the 12 largest car manufacturers on the planet combined, despite their small number of sales. Tesla closed the year with a valuation of $386 billion – still bigger than the automakers but smaller than the tech titans – Apple (AAPL), Microsoft, (MSFT) Google (GOOGL) and Amazon (AMZN) – which he is in. compared to a year ago. Musk’s $44 billion purchase of Twitter didn’t help Tesla’s stock or Musk’s fortune.

Musk, a Tesla shareholder, has sold $23 billion in Tesla stock since his Twitter handle became public in April. His continued tweets and erratic behavior, especially after he took over as CEO of Twitter, angered Tesla investors who wanted Musk to focus more on his larger and more profitable company. value. . Musk has defended himself against criticism, saying he hasn’t left Tesla’s big meeting since he took over Twitter. Tesla’s stock may rebound and Musk may become the world’s richest man again. But Musk’s reputation as a genius took a big hit in 2022 — almost as much damage as his wealth.

The World Should Have Ended 10 Years Ago Today According to the Mayan Calendar

End of the World

According to the Mayan calendar, it is a miracle that we are all still here because the world was supposed to end ten years ago today.

The ancient Maya predicted more than 2,200 years ago that the calendar would end on December 21, 2012, leading people to speculate that there would be an apocalypse. Many people have long assumed that natural disasters such as tidal waves, earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions will destroy us.

Others think we would have died from a collision between Earth and a deep planet that would have altered our magnetic field or a black hole. Great party, isn’t it?

However, it turns out that the Mayan predictions were wrong. Many people have taken to social media to comment on the missed historical ‘milestone’. 카지노

One person said: “The Mayan calendar fell apart 10 years ago. “I’m glad it’s not because we have TikTok,” said another.

While another person posted a Gangnam Style meme and wrote “he did it”, referring to the music video that became the first to get 1 billion views on YouTube that day in 2012. Another said: “Maybe they did it’s hell.”

Read: About the Most Brilliant Season, We’re Covering the Historical backdrop of the Christmas

While another somberly added: ‘They predicted well, my life is over.’

Others recalled being anxious at the time.

One said: “How I ate Doritos in bed, wondering if I’d be there tomorrow. “Ngl 2012 movie really moved me as a kid, a little part of me lives in fear every day,” said another.

Although the ancient Maya could not tell the future, they developed one of the world’s first written languages ​​and discovered how to measure time using two complex calendar systems. The first is the cycle calendar which is based on two overlapping cycles – the 260-day sacred year and the 265-day earthly year. At the end of each cycle, the clock will reset. The second is the Long Term Calendar which predicted the end of the world 10 years ago.

The Maya believed that the end of one cycle would signal the beginning of another, and this led people to believe that it meant the apocalypse. Some thought it would be because the winter solstice and the equator of the Milky Way would fall in line, although this was denied by scientists who said it would have no effect on Earth and the Maya would not have known about the solar system at that time. .

Others believe that the ancient Maya accepted the advice of those from the earth or from the plagues of the Bible to suggest what would happen to the world. Either way, we all live to tell the tale. Phew.

Read: The Earth’s Shadow at Moonrise

About the Most Brilliant Season, We’re Covering the Historical backdrop of the Christmas

Christmas HYistory

The sixteenth century holiday song “God Rest Ye Joyful Honorable men” says, “God rest ye happy, refined men/Let nothing you alarm/Recall, Christ, our Deliverer/Was brought into the world on Christmas Day.” It’s a wonderful ditty, conspicuous in many families today. But the Christmas season doesn’t necessarily feel soothing, Christ was possible not brought into the world on December 25, and not all Christians all over the planet commend his introduction to the world on that specific day. Christmas was even restricted in Boston for a period! There’s some making sense of to do.

In this way, while many individuals might believe there’s a straightforward and speedy clarification for the historical backdrop of Christmas, the genuine story is considerably more mind boggling. Luckily, we’re here to unload (or, open up, we ought to say!) how this famous festival began.

What are the beginnings of Christmas?

The standard thing “go-to” answer is that the principal Christmas occurred on Jesus Christ’s birthday.

And keeping in mind that it’s actual we commend the introduction of Jesus Christ at Christmas (note the word mix of “Christ” and “Mass”), this particular festival didn’t start until the fourth 100 years — before that, Easter was the principal festivity for Christians.

In third-century Rome, its residents commended the colder time of year solstice, the mid-December celebration Saturnalia for the lord of Saturn and the birthday of the sun god, Sol Invictus, on December 25. There are two or three unique convictions about why that date was taken on by Christians to observe Jesus Christ’s introduction to the world.

One conviction is that St. Hippolytus asserted December 25 for Christianity first when he said in quite a while editorial on the book of Daniel (composed around 205 Promotion) that the birthdate of Jesus was December 25 (researchers disagree this specific date was the genuine birthdate) 카지노사이트 추천.

As per History.com, Pope Julius I picked December 25 “with an end goal to embrace and retain the practices of the agnostic Saturnalia celebration.”

For what reason truly do certain individuals observe Christmas Day in January?

In fact, the first Christmas celebration was really seen on January 7. It’s simply that the Julian schedule (otherwise called the “Old Schedule”) was once utilized since Julius Caesar’s time up until Pope Gregory XIII’s change, when the Gregorian schedule was embraced. With the change, north of seven days of days in the year were lost.

Thus, utilizing the Julian schedule, as Conventional Christians actually do, simply implies December 25 is on an alternate day. The main recorded Christmas festivity was December 25, 336 Promotion. The date was picked on the grounds that it is nine months after the Annunciation, which observes Christ’s origination in the belly of the Virgin Mary, on Walk 25 (additionally the date of the spring equinox).

Since there was/is importance to how much time between the spring equinox and Christmas Day, it didn’t appear to be legit for them to celebrate prior in light of the fact that numerous others embraced the new Dec. 25 as the Christmas festivity.

Read: Some of the Interesting Events in History

The Universal Christians who follow the Julian schedule (the vast majority of Western Christianity utilizes the Gregorian schedule) incorporate devotees coming from places like Israel, Russia, Greece and Egypt, they actually observe Christmas on this day. Actually, these Standard adherents notice the Nativity and Love of the Shepherds on January 6, and Reverence of the Magi in addition to Christmas Day on January 7. These Blowout days are tied in with going to chapel and social occasion with friends and family for sumptuous dinners.

When was Christmas dropped in America?

At the point when Puritan pioneers showed up in 1620, they trusted Christmas to be excessively extreme and they didn’t commend the occasion, accepting “there was no scriptural reason for recognizing Christmas.” as a matter of fact, observing Christmas was really prohibited in Boston from 1659-1681!

When did Christmas turn into an authority occasion?

Christmas became perceived as a government occasion close to two centuries after the fact in 1870.

Christmas celebrations can grow well past December 25

While we’re investigating things like church history and the congregation schedule, we ought to perceive that for some Christians, Christmas Day is important for a twelve-day festivity. See the reason why there’s little reprieve associated with Christmas? 바카라사이트 That is a ton of strict devouring! Then, we’ve added a great deal of commercialization to the season too.

However, Christmastide is really a ritualistic season, beginning after Coming and finishing at some point in January. For certain Christians, the season closes on January 6 (or the Sunday nearest to this date), the Day of Revelation (commending the Savvy Men who visited Jesus). Others celebrate for forty days, finishing on February 2, which is known as Candlemas (commending the introduction of Jesus in the sanctuary).

Read: History Online is an asset for history specialists

What is up with every one of the varieties to the Christmas season?

On the off chance that you investigate the historical backdrop of essentially anything, it’s perplexing. The early Christians praised the manifestation of God, from the annunciation to his restoration, on an assortment of dining experience days. They additionally praised the progressions in season, alongside different individuals from their local area, on days like spring solstice and winter solstice.

For a period, the strict reliable coming to America didn’t observe Christmas by any means, needing to isolate themselves from England and show respect to the Book of scriptures by not celebrating on Dec. 25. What’s more, as an update, Christmas didn’t turn into a government occasion until 1870.

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Some of the Interesting Events in History

History Events

The World’s First Indoor Ski Slope

The Austrians’ favorite is a non-working train station with artificial snow from soft drinks.

Today, the world’s largest ski resort sits on the edge of the desert in the United Arab Emirates where, despite temperatures soaring to around 41°C, Ski Dubai boasts 6,000 feet of real snow, fir trees and alpine-style chalets. Indoor skiing has come a long way since the opening of the Schneepalast (Snow Palace) – considered the world’s first indoor ski slope – in Vienna in 1927. Located in the city’s then Nordwestbahnhof station, the Schneepalast featured tracks built on scaffolding. and coconut milk and artificial snow made from soda.

An English chemist has found a way to create fake snow that is as soft and slippery as the real thing, allowing visitors to climb a slope of 20 meters on skis or sleds on the ground. Skiers who find themselves faced with snow say they can taste soda. “With a little imagination, you can take yourself somewhere in the mountains,” said the newspaper covering the attraction on November 26, 1927.

The opening was overshadowed by the assassination attempt of Karl Seitz, the mayor of Vienna. After the Anschluss in 1938, the Nordwestbahnhof was a “defunct” museum. The original building was bombed during the war and was demolished in 1952.

Bangkok’s Giant Swing

A curious artifact from one of the rarest religious ceremonies in the world.

In one of the most interesting religious ceremonies in the world, Thai men from the great seesaw (Sao Chingcha) in Bangkok in 1919, try, in a strange way, to cut a bag of coins with their teeth. The festival, which follows the December rice harvest, has been held every year for 150 years to celebrate part of the Hindu creation story, with the rotating pillars representing the mountain and its circular shape.

This swing was commissioned by King Rama I (1737-1809), the founder of the Chakri dynasty, which still rules Thailand. His movements were worse; The ceremony ended in 1935 after the death toll and today, the reconstruction stands in a circle in front of the Buddhist temple, Wat Suthat.

Did the Romans Invent Christmas?

Did the early Christian Roman emperors celebrate the pagan Saturnalia to celebrate the birth of Christ? Matt Salusbury examines the evidence. It is a public holiday celebrated around December 25 in family homes. A time of celebration, goodness, generosity to the poor, exchanging gifts and decorating trees. But it’s not Christmas. It was Saturnalia, the pagan Roman winter festival. But did Christmas, the most popular holiday in Western Christianity, originate from the pagan Saturnalia?

The first-century AD poet Gaius Valerius Catullus described Saturnalia as “the best time”: People dress up and dress quietly, exchanging small gifts such as dolls, candles, and birds. locked up. Saturnalia saw a shift in social roles. The wealthy would pay those who could not pay wages, masters and servants to exchange clothes. The family gathers together to determine who will be the temporary king of Saturnalia. The poet Lucian of Samosata (120-180 AD) with the god Cronos (Saturn) says in his poem Saturnalia:

“During my week, importance is prohibited: no business is allowed. Drinking and drunkenness, noise and dice games, inviting kings and servants to feasts, singing naked, clapping … occasionally immersing my face in cold water – these are my duties taking care of.

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Saturnalia was the first agricultural festival to mark the end of the autumn harvest season in honor of Saturn (satus means sowing). Several archaeological sites in the region of Constantine on the Roman coast, now in Algeria, show that the cult of Saturn continued there until the beginning of the third century AD.

Saturnalia increased in length and moved to a more prosperous period during the Roman period. During the reign of Emperor Augustus (63 BC-14 AD), it was a two-day event that began on December 17. By the time Lucian described the event, it was a seven-day event. Changes made to the Roman calendar brought the number of Saturnalia up to December 25, around the time of the winter solstice.

Around 217 BCE, there was a public Saturnalia festival. The Roman authorities canceled the massacres and did not declare war during the festival. The pagan Roman authorities tried to curtail Saturnalia; Emperor Caligula (AD 12-41) tried to limit it to just five days, with little success.

Emperor Domitian (AD 51-96) may have changed the date of Saturnalia to December 25 in an attempt to maintain his authority. He curbed the disruptive tendencies of the Saturnalia by using public events under his rule to bring it out. The poet Statius (AD 45-95), in his poem Silvae, describes the magnificent banquets and entertainments hosted by Domitian, including games that opened with sweets, fruit and nuts poured on top crowds and flights of pink flamingos released from Rome. The show fighting dwarfs and gladiators light, for the first time, at night.

The conversion of Emperor Constantine to Christianity in AD 312 ended the Roman persecution of Christians and began the imperial support of the Christian church. But Christianity did not become the religion of the rulers of the Roman Empire overnight. Dr David Gwynn, Lecturer in Ancient and Late History at Royal Holloway, University of London, says that alongside Christian and pagan festivals, “Saturnalia continued to be celebrated for centuries and -next”.

The poet Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius wrote another Saturnalia, describing the feast of famous pagan readers in Rome during the festival. The ancient works between 383 and 430 AD, so it describes Saturnalia alive under the Christian emperors. The Christian calendar of Polemius Silvus, written about AD 449, mentions Saturnalia, recording that he “walked in honor of the god Saturn”. This shows that by then it had become just another popular party.

It is clear that Christmas started – like Saturnalia – in Rome, and spread east to the Mediterranean. The best known reference to the celebration of Christ’s birth on December 25 is in the Roman Philokalian calendar of 354. Soon after, regional disputes led to different Christian calendars. The Eastern Orthodox Church (Byzantine) half of the Roman Empire set Christmas as January 6, simultaneously commemorating the birth, baptism, and first miracle of Christ.

Read: 19 Ways to Make a Lot of Money if You Love History

Saturnalia has a rival as a prelude to Christmas: the celebration of the dies natalis solis invicti, “the anniversary of the invincible sun”. The Philosopher’s Calendar also shows that December 25 is a Roman city festival honoring the cult of Sol Invicta. With its origins in Syria and the cult of Mithras, the sol invicta actually has similarities to the cult of Jesus. It was Emperor Aurelian (214-275) who introduced the cult to the empire in 274 AD, who made it a national religion, putting his symbol on Roman coins.

Sol invicta was successful because of his ability to channel aspects of Jupiter and other gods into the Sun King, demonstrating the full power of the “God” emperors. But despite the efforts of later pagan emperors to control Saturnalia and turn the festival into an official worship, sol invicta eventually resembled the ancient Saturnalia.

Constantine, the first Christian emperor, was raised to worship the land invicta, in a place that used to be a monotheistic kingdom: “So it is possible,” said Dr. Gwynn says, “Christmas was intended to be a substitute for this party rather than a religious celebration. Saturnalia”. .’

Gwynn concludes, “Many modern scholars would be inclined to accept a close connection between Saturnalia and the emergence of the Christian Christmas.”

Christians will be reassured to know that the day of Christmas can be derived from the ideas in the Jewish religion that connect the time of the death of the prophets and their pregnancy or birth. From this, the first ecclesiastics deduced that Mary was nine months pregnant after the Apparition and March 25 would set the date of December 25 for the birth of Christ.

There Is a Dinosaur May Have Had a Body Like a Duck’s

duck

A dinosaur unearthed in Mongolia is exciting paleontologists because its beautiful appearance adds possible evidence to the idea that some dinosaurs live in water.

Natovenator polydontus may be the first non-avian dinosaur known to have a streamlined body similar to that of a modern waterfowl, researchers report Dec. 1 in Communications Biology. Natovenator and other closely related dinosaurs may have been swimmers, the researchers said, challenging the popular belief that all dinosaurs were human.

Natovenator was smaller than a duck and appeared to swim on its feet, said Yuong-Nam Lee, a vertebrate biologist at Seoul National University in South Korea. “We think Natovenator lives in shallow water and eats small fish,” he says.

This is not the first time that researchers think that non-avian dinosaurs had marine life. For years, paleontologists have debated whether spinosaurs were mammals (SN: 3/23/22). In 2017, researchers said that Halszkaraptor – a relative of Natovenator – had waterfowl and reptile-like features, although scientists could not define the shape. In this new study, Lee and his colleagues examined well-preserved skeletons from the Hermiin Tsav Formation fossils in Mongolia, which were found in Late Cretaceous rocks, dating from around 100 to 66 million years ago. Natovenator’s skull, teeth, neck and hands and feet resemble those of Halszkaraptor, the team reports, suggesting that the two men may have had similar lives. In addition, the structure of Natovenator’s ribs suggests that it had a flattened body similar to that of modern seabirds, with rounded and flattened ribs similar to seabirds, the researchers said.

Natovenator’s resemblance to a duck or cormorant is a true example of what is called adaptive evolution, said Thomas Holtz Jr., a vertebrate biologist at the University of Maryland in College Park, who was not involved. in the study. “Similar plans arise because of similar lifestyles.”

It is still unclear how strong the Natovenator swimmer will be. The dinosaur’s legs were short, and its limbs appear to lack the characteristics of loon-like swimmers, Holtz says. But aquatic animals such as mink and some swimmers today have bones that are not specialized for life in water, he says. “So the Natovenator could be somewhere in between in terms of swimming ability, between something like a mink and a loon.”

Read: 19 Ways to Make a Lot of Money if You Love History

Pterosaurs May Have Evolved From Small Reptiles

A mysterious beast that was discovered in Scottish sandstone more than a century ago became part of a famous flying family. The tiny Scleromochlus taylori is a close relative of pterosaurs, winged birds that lived alongside dinosaurs, researchers report online Oct. 5 in Nature.

The findings support the idea that pterosaurs – the first vertebrates to master flight – descended from small, fast, two-legged ancestors. The study also provides an answer to a long-standing mystery: what exactly is S. taylori? Davide Foffa, an archaeologist at National Museums Scotland in Edinburgh, said: “Everything comes down to saving this animal.

S taylori is best known from seven individuals preserved in rocks found in 1907, fossils that are difficult to interpret. For one thing, there are no real bones, just the impression of the surrounding rocks; This bone disappears for a long time. Many studies have described and reinterpreted the creatures from these fossils. In these studies in turn they suggested that S. taylori is closely related to dinosaurs, or pterosaurs, or even crocodile ancestors.

What is clear is that the small reptile, which lived about 230 million years ago, had a very serious body mass, Foffa said. At less than 20 centimeters long, “it will fit in the palm of your hand”, but its head is too big for its body. It also has a small neck and long back. But this strict list is not sufficient to identify the closest relatives of creatures; which requires the best details of the skull, color, body size and more.

So Foffa and his colleagues used a non-destructive scanning technique called microcomputer tomography to collect previously unavailable data on the fossils, from the length of its tail to the extent of its leg bones. ‘the color of it. Some of the creatures – such as its large head – resemble pterosaurs. Others, such as the orientation of its lower jaw, are not like pterosaurs at all, the team found. S. taylori has no known adaptations for flying, jumping or living in trees, according to the team. Instead, he was probably a runner.

Read: Jacksonville Resident Wins $1000 Every Week for Life in the Florida Lottery’s Draw Game

19 Ways to Make a Lot of Money if You Love History

History Professor

If you are determined to pursue your passion and enter a field including history or archaeology, you have many options when it comes to high paying jobs.

We checked the Occupational Information Network (O*NET), a US Department of Labor database that compiles detailed information about hundreds of occupations, and looked at salary data on the state Bureau of Labor Statistics website. States to find positions with a median annual salary. .more than $60,000 which requires a deep knowledge of history. O * NET defines the importance of “knowledge of historical events and their causes, manifestations and effects on civilization and culture” in each work, assigning to each “level of historical importance history” between 1 and 100.

Judging from this list, it’s usually make or break academics for historians. Unfortunately, historians themselves cannot tell the difference, because the salary for this job is $55,800 per year. 바카라사이트

Here are high-paying positions with historical importance ratings of 45 or higher:

Archaeologists

Median cost: $61,220

Level of historical importance: 98

Archaeologists conduct research to reconstruct records of human life and past cultures from human remains, artifacts, structures, and materials obtained from excavations, water recovery, and ‘under, or other means of detection.

Anthropologists

Median cost: $61,220

Level of historical importance: 82

Anthropologists study, analyze, and establish public policy about human origins.

Foreign language teachers and books

Average price: $61,380

Report importance level: 57

Foreign language and literature teachers at the high school level teach languages ​​and literature in languages ​​other than English. Landscape architects

Median cost: $63,480

Story importance level: 45

Landscape architects plan and design land for projects such as parks and residential developments.

English Language and Post-Secondary Literacy Teachers

Median cost: $63,730

Story importance level: 48

Post-secondary English language and literature teachers teach courses in English language and literature, including linguistics and comparative literature.

Teachers of art, drama and music

Median cost: $65,340

Level of historical importance: 64

Art, drama, and music teachers attend high school, and teach courses in drama, music, and art, including fine and applied arts, such as painting and sculpture, or design and visual arts.

History teachers

Average price: $69,400

Level of historical importance: 100

High school history teachers teach courses in human history and history. Social scientists

Average price: $73,760

Level of historical importance: 50

Sociologists study human relations and social relations by examining organizations and institutions in developing societies, as well as various social, religious, and political organizations. and business.

Architecture teachers

Average price: $73,920

Story importance level: 68

Architecture professors teach courses in architecture and design, such as architectural design, interior design, and landscape architecture. They also do research.

Geologists

Median cost: $74,260

Level of historical importance: 61

Geologists study the nature and use of land on Earth, combining and explaining physical and cultural relationships.

analytical intelligence

Median cost: $78,120

Story importance level: 45

Intelligence analysts collect, analyze or analyze information from various sources.

Jacksonville Resident Wins $1000 Every Week for Life in the Florida Lottery’s Draw Game

Florida Lottery

Officials from the lottery claim that a winning CASH4LIFE draw ticket was purchased at a Merrill Road establishment.

West Virginia voters approved the Lottery Amendment to the State Constitution on November 6, 1984 with a vote of 67% in favor of the amendment. The West Virginia Legislature passed the Lottery Act in April 1985, Governor Arch A. Moore, Jr.

West Virginia went on sale on January 9, 1986, and more than 1.5 million tickets were sold that first day. West Virginia’s first and only lottery at the time was the “West Virginia Jackpot”, and had a top prize of $5,000. By the end of the year, the lottery closed the 1985-1986 fiscal year with sales of more than $53 million, with the West Virginia General Revenue Fund receiving $20 million of the total. 바카라게임

Today, the West Virginia Lottery generates sales of more than $1.1 billion annually and generates more than $520 million annually for the people of West Virginia. Since its inception, the lottery has generated more than $9 billion in funding that has helped public education, senior services and the state’s tourism industry. West Virginia Lottery players have won more than $3 billion in prizes. The money raised by the West Virginia Lottery has a direct impact on the quality of life for all West Virginia residents. The West Virginia Legislature uses lottery funds to help improve public education at all levels, from K-12 to higher education, with support from the school construction agency, the West Virginia Department of Education, Education Policy Commission, Bonds Improvement Bonds. and EDUCATION EXPERIENCE. Program. Funds from the lottery also help the West Virginia Office of Senior Services provide nutrition programs, home care services, and many other programs and services to seniors in West Virginia. Funds from the lottery also go to support the state’s growing tourism industry and improve West Virginia’s state parks.

The lottery sells more than 40 different live games each year, offering the popular online lottery games Keno Go, Daily 3, Daily 4 and Cash 25, and offering the state lottery game Powerball® , Mega Millions® and Lotto America® organize games. betting, internet gaming, video slots, and controls video lotteries and table games at all four state-owned casinos and the Greenbrier Resort. A Historical Look at Baccarat and Its Evolution

Maximus, a T. Rex Skull, Might Fetch $20 Million at Auction

T.Rex skull

A giant fossilized skull that once belonged to a Tyrannosaurus rex will go up for auction next month. Experts from Sotheby’s – which is offering the specimen at an auction in New York on December 9 – said the 76-million-year-old skull is one of the oldest archaeologists have ever discovered, and known only by hand preserved in the museum. Is expected to sell $ 15 to 20.

Hunters noticed the breast skull, secretly, secret in Hearing, which is located on the area of ​​health, south of Dataka. The site has revealed several other famous T. rex fossils, including Sue, which fetched $8.3 million when it became the first dinosaur to be auctioned in 1997, and Stan, which sold for $31.8 million in 2020. The scholars in Tricitops, Ahmontusa, AnmonolasaaaA, Pachyescaeas and other creations during cretaceous times.

T. Rex skull on pedestal

Its skull weighs 200 kilograms and is placed on a metal base. Courtesy of Sotheby’s
Sotheby’s has not disclosed who discovered Maximus or identified its current owner. But auctioneer officials said in a statement that the skull’s survival was “extremely lucky” as weather and erosion eat away other dinosaur bones.

“Excavated in one of the most concentrated areas for T. rex remains, the skull retains much of its original shape and surface and even the smallest and strongest bones are intact, with a high degree of scientific integrity,” Henry Galiano, Sotheby’s curator of history, says in a statement. “Without the work of experienced field experts who carefully collected and preserved this skull, it would have been damaged and lost and science forever.” Monday After: Bits of History and Pop Culture

The winner will be able to lift a 200-pound, 6-foot-7.5 table on a steel bar. All bones are from a single T. rex – the owner did not include any composite parts – which is also extremely rare. The teeth carried the teeth to carry the area, and many external bones and many high teeth.

The lens of two spaces, indicating that maximus must have a dinosaur in other dancos, perhaps. rex. Sotheby’s experts do not know what caused the physical death. Frontal view of T. rex skull
Sotheby’s says that Maximus is one of T. rex skulls that archaeologists have yet to discover.


The fact that it is only a skull, and not a complete skeleton, can make the specimen even better. “When you think about it, more people can fit a skull in their home than people who could fit a full dinosaur,” Cassandra Hatton, head of science and popular culture at Sotheby’s, told The Associated Press.

The Maximus auction follows another high-priced fossil sale. In May, Christie’s sold a nearly complete collection of Deinonychus antirrhopus for $12.4 million, exceeding the pre-auction estimate of $4-6 million. Christie’s also offers a complete T. rex skeleton in Hong Kong later this month; this example should fetch between fifteen and twenty-five million dollars. 온라인카지노

The practice of selling dinosaur pets to private sellers is a matter of debate among paleontologists and other experts. Some say the sale allows private collectors to get their hands on — and hide from — museum pieces, while others fear high prices could encourage illegal mining.

Of course, museums are free to donate, which is exactly what happened to Stan, who is now at the Museum of Nature in Abu Dhabi. More than 25 years ago, Sue also visited the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago.

Conclusion on T. king rex

All bones come from one person.
Official auctioneers such as Sotheby’s defend the sale, arguing that private buyers often let researchers find the items in the end. “Individual collectors play an important role in the distribution of art in museum collections, often donating or lending objects for permanent or long-term viewing and research,” Hatton told Artnet. in August. “… [I] collectors are passionate about the study and preservation of fossils, and the joy of sharing these wonderful things with others is common in the collecting community.

A Historical Look at Baccarat and Its Evolution

baccarat-origin-history

Baccarat is a game of choice for high rollers around the world, as the game combines action and excitement in a very player-friendly way, making it an attractive game for players who want playing high stakes. There is no other game in the casino that offers higher odds and more fun than the baccarat table .

The origins of the game are debated, as some experts will tell you that the game became popular in 15th century Italy, while others point to 19th century France as the origin of the game. 카지노사이트.

In this article, we will walk through the history of baccarat, tell you where the game really began, and more importantly, focus on how the game eventually became what it is today and how it will -how to continue and how to start in the future. Let’s start by taking a trip back in time and look at the history of baccarat!

History of Baccarat

Although much of the history of baccarat is disputed, what cannot be disputed about baccarat is that the game attracts kings, princes and high rollers. Baccarat is not a game for ordinary people, and it continues to this day, because baccarat is almost always found in the upper rooms of casinos. When you try to find baccarat back to its roots, you will quickly discover that the reason why no one has a strong idea where the game started is that modern baccarat is a combination of many games that are joined together. in the game we see. casino land these days. Let’s take a look at some of these baccarat types first below.

The original version of baccarat

Although none of these games resemble modern baccarat, they all played a role in the evolution of the game to where it is today. Without these baccarat ancestors, tracing the history of baccarat would be impossible. Macau
Personally, when I see the similarities between Macau and baccarat, games that are fundamentally different enough that I can not Trace the history of baccarat back 17th century Asia, where we first saw Macau played.  Baccarat: Simple Strategy ang Guide

Macau uses baccarat-style cards, but instead of creating rules for drawing, players can request cards, in the original version of the game, if they pass 9 they fall, like in blackjack. Macau is still played in its original form today, as the game is widespread in Europe and is now popular in Russia. Although I will not go to say that Macau is the beginning of the baccarat style, there is certainly part of the game that is used today, so you can completely ignore Macau’s work and evolution.

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Railway

The next game we will talk about is Chemin De Fer. Chemin De Fer originated in the early 19th century in France and, surprisingly, it is still the most popular form of baccarat in France today. Like Macau, players have the right to accept or reject drawing cards, and instead of a fixed dealer, he moves around the table, players can accept or reject the work of the banker. If you have seen the Big Baccarat table, it is like Chemin De Fer, because the shoes move around the table, and depending on how each player wants to bet, the banker can change, even in the middle. hands. Baccarat

Bank Company

Baccarat Banque looks and plays like Chemin De Fer, the main difference is that the banker’s hand does not always change from player to player. All players have the opportunity to play as a bank, where it is sold before the start of each hand. The highest bidder for the bank gets the option to exit the game, and unless the player runs out of money during the hand, the dealer remains the same until the hand ends. – finished. One aspect of this game that I find particularly exciting is that if the banker runs out of money during the hand and cannot pay all the winnings, the player pays n ‘system, and when the money runs out, it runs out, and other players don’t pay!

Related article: How to Play Baccarat for Beginners (August 2022)

Point Banco Company

Punto Banco is the most popular type of baccarat that is played today, because the game causes many baccarat events. Many baccarat players don’t realize that punto banco is not the only game that baccarat is played, as it is the only type of game you will find in most markets.

Punto Banco has been played regularly for at least two hundred years, but it is not known exactly when the game entered its current form. In Punto Banco, all draws are determined by a predetermined set of rules, and the house clears the game.

Much History Will Be Written in the Indo-pacific in the Coming Years: Biden

Joe-Biden

Washington: The United States is committed to ensuring that the Indo-Pacific is free, open, stable and secure, President Joe Biden said, saying that much of the history of the world will be written in this region. very important in the next few years.The president told the visiting leaders of 12 Pacific island countries in Washington on Thursday in the first meeting to protect the Indo-Pacific region and keep the island countries away from China’s growing influence. growth, which in the past few years has done something special. local media efforts. “Today, security in the Pacific and the Pacific Islanders is more important than ever for us and I hope for you. America’s security, in fact, and the world’s security depends on your security and the security of the Pacific Islands. I really mean it,” Biden said.

He said that the purpose of this meeting is to make a permanent commitment between himself and the future that will be shared and the commitment to solve the climate problem, which threatens everyone. The meeting brought together leaders from Fiji, Solomon Islands, Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu, Marshall Islands, Palau, Samoa, Tonga, Polynesia, New Caledonia and the Cook Islands.

“We are seeing the effects of climate change all over the world, including in the United States right now. And I know that your country is very sensitive. For all of you, this is a real threat. It’s a real threat,” Biden said.

“We also believe that we will work together to rebuild the world economy in a fair way because of the COVID-19 and the war with Russia, to ensure that the Indo-Pacific region is free and open, stable and has prosperity, stability and security.” “Much of the history of our world” will be written in the Indo-Pacific in the coming years and decades, he said, adding that the Pacific Islands are an important voice in shaping this future.

“That is why my administration has made it a priority to strengthen our relationship with your country in the Pacific Islands Forum,” he said. Biden announced more than $810 million in expanded US programs to improve the lives of Pacific Islanders, including more than $130 million in new investments to support climate resilience and build a blue economy in Pacific Islanders; prepare for climate impacts on public health and food security, and strengthen sustainable development; and to strengthen early warning capabilities to predict, prepare for and respond to climate risks. 9 Reasons People Laugh About Your Technology

“It will build on about $375 million in climate programs that we currently have in place,” he said. Biden announced that his administration will also take several important political steps.

He said, “I am pleased to announce that after due consultation, we will recognize the Cook Islands and Niue as pre-existing countries.” “We hope to successfully conclude negotiations for a Compact of Free Association with three of our closest regional partners – the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Republic of Palau,” he said. – he declares. 카지노사이트

According to the White House, the meeting reflects the expansion and deepening of American cooperation on issues such as climate change, epidemics and economic recovery, maritime security, environmental protection and the promotion of a free and open Indo-Pacific. The Biden administration believes that the Pacific island region – an “ocean continent” covering almost 15% of the Earth’s surface – is an important Indo-Pacific region.

It conveys opportunities and challenges, from the climate crisis to the confusing geopolitical landscape. “The United States understands that geography connects the future of the Pacific to ours: America’s progress in security depends on maintaining the freedom and openness of the Pacific region,” he said.

The White House said it will coordinate with its allies and partners – and the Pacific Islands – to avoid duplication and best serve the needs of the Pacific Islands. He said he will get results from Quad and Blue Pacific Partners and in line with the Global Infrastructure and Investment Partnership.

“We will engage in various partnerships with France, the Republic of Korea, the European Union, India and other Pacific Island partners to support the Pacific in climate change and adaptation; education and employment opportunities; financial opportunities; and protection of the water sector and habitat,” the White House said. In November 2017, the United States, Australia, India and Japan gave shape to the long-term strategic force Quad to develop a new plan to maintain a critical sea route in the Indo-Pacific. free from all effects, in the middle. China.