The Nazi Party and its leader, Adolf Hitler, rose to power in a Germany wracked by economic and political crisis.
Most of those who assisted the Foreign Office at the time understood the dangers of right-wing religion, but they could not foresee the Nazi regime’s effect on totalitarianism and destruction. In 1931, Erich Koch-Weser, a prominent German liberal politician, stated that the Nazis were the main threat among the groups exploiting the “political power” of the time.
But he called the ability to hold “extremely confusing”. In 1932, journalist Paul Scheffer explored Hitler’s “uncanny skill” in playing on German anxiety, hatred, and hope, but he remained skeptical of the Nazis’ ability to “translate into political useful”.
After the party’s success in the general election, Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany in 1933. From there, social and political changes in the country were rapid. Hamilton Fish Armstrong, a collector of foreign material, wrote later that year: “One by one continues to fall into this last prison will protect against the unchallenged Nazi tyranny. Questions were asked about how the Nazis would manage at home and how they would push their “absurd” and “intolerant” policies abroad. But in those first few months, Armstrong said, “we can’t pretend there’s good evidence to ease our fears.”
Even years later, when the Second World War began, the grip of the Nazi regime on German society – described by the journalist Dorothy Thompson in 1940 as a revolution based on “Hitler’s psychopathy” – is difficult to understand. It is easy to understand the magnitude of the threat posed by Nazi Germany. As Thompson said, “The West is facing the greatest danger in its entire history.”
The rise to power of the Nazis
In the nine years between 1924 and 1933, the Nazi Party grew from a small violent party to the largest elected in the Reichstag. Reorganization at the Bamberg Conference
When Hitler was in prison following the Munich Putsch in 1923, Alfred Rosenberg took over as the leader of the Nazi Party. Rosenberg was an ineffective leader, and the party was divided on important issues. The failure of the Munich putsch showed Hitler that he could not take power by force. As a result, Hitler decided to change course and focus instead on gaining the support of the democratic government for his party and being elected to power. After he was released from prison on December 20, 1924, Hitler convinced the Chancellor of Bavaria to lift the ban on the Nazi movement.
In February 1926, Hitler organized the Bamberg Conference. Hitler wanted to convene the meeting and come up with a plan for the next few years. Although some small differences remained, Hitler was very successful in uniting the socialist and nationalist elements of the party. In the same year, Hitler reorganized the Nazi organization to make it more effective.
First, the Nazi Party adopted a new system, which divided Germany into regions called the Gaue. Each Gaue has its own leader, the Gauleiter. Each Gaue is divided into subdivisions called Kreise. Each Kreise has its own leader, called the Kreisleiter. Each Kreise was divided into smaller sections, each with its own leader, and so on. Each of these sections was in charge of the section above them, and Hitler was at the top of the group with the most authority.
The Nazis also created new groups for various professions, from children to doctors to lawyers.
These goals are to enter into existing public buildings and help the group to gain more members and supporters.
These political changes changed the Nazi movement from a military organization focused on overthrowing the nation by force to one that gained power through popular vote and support.