Middle Ages: feudalism, knights, and the Crusades.

The Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval period, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century and was a time of significant social, political, and economic changes.

In this essay, I will discuss three important aspects of the Middle Ages: feudalism, knights, and the Crusades.


Feudalism was the dominant social and economic system of the Middle Ages. It was a hierarchical system in which lords, vassals, and serfs were all bound together by mutual obligations and responsibilities.

At the top of the feudal system were the kings and queens, who held ultimate power and authority. Below them were the lords and nobles, who held large estates and also controlled vast amounts of land. The king or queen obligated the nobles to provide military service and loyalty in exchange for their land.

Middle Ages

The lords granted land to the vassals, positioned below the nobles, in exchange for their military service and loyalty. The vassals, in turn, would grant land to lesser lords and knights in exchange for their service.

The lords bound the serfs to the land and required them to work the land at the bottom of the feudal system in exchange for their protection and basic needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. Their lord essentially tied them for life, disallowing them to leave the land.

The feudal system created a stable social order but also led to significant inequalities and social injustices. It persisted throughout the Middle Ages but began to decline in the 14th and 15th centuries as trade and commerce became more important.

Middle Ages: Knights

Knights were an important part of medieval society and played a crucial role in warfare and the protection of the feudal system. Which emphasized honor, bravery, also respect for women. The path to becoming a knight was rigorous, involving years of training and proving oneself in battle.

Knights were heavily armored and rode horses, making them a formidable force on the battlefield. They were known for their skill in jousting. A popular medieval sport, and for their use of the sword and lance in battle.

The Crusades

Christian and Muslim powers of the Middle East fought a series of religious wars known as the Crusades from the 11th to the 13th centuries. European Christians sparked the Crusades due to their desire to recapture the Holy Land, which Muslim forces had conquered.

The Crusades were organized and led by European nobles and knights. Who saw it as an opportunity to gain land, wealth, and status. The Crusaders were successful in recapturing Jerusalem in 1099. A Christian kingdom in the Holy Land that lasted for nearly 100 years.

A significant impact on medieval society. They brought European culture into contact with Islamic culture, leading to an exchange of ideas, knowledge, and technology. 

The Crusades also led to the growth of trade and commerce. Merchants and traders traveled to the Holy Land to sell goods and supplies to the Crusaders.

However, the Crusades also led to significant violence and bloodshed, as Christians and Muslims fought for control of the Holy Land. 

The Crusaders gained notoriety for brutally treating the Muslim population, also the Crusades generated deep-seated animosity between Christians and Muslims that persists to this day.


The Middle Ages was a complex and multifaceted period in human history. Characterized by a hierarchical social and economic system known as feudalism. 

The rise of knights as warriors and protectors of the feudal system, and the Crusades. Christians and Muslims fought a series of religious wars in the Holy Land.

Feudalism provided a stable social order but also led to significant inequalities and injustices.

Knights played a crucial role in warfare and the protection of the feudal system, also their training and code of chivalry emphasized honor, bravery, and respect for women.

The Crusades had a significant impact on medieval society. European and Islamic cultures into contact and leading to the exchange of ideas, knowledge, and technology. 

However, the Crusades also led to violence and bloodshed. The deep-seated animosity between Christians and Muslims that arose during this period continues to impact the world today.

Overall, the Middle Ages was a period of both progress and stagnation, characterized by significant social, political, and economic changes that helped shape the world we live in today.  온라인카지노사이트

While the feudal system, knights, and the Crusades are just a few of the many important aspects of this period. They have had a lasting impact on human history and continue to shape our understanding of the world.

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Decolonization: The End of European Imperialism

Decolonization: the end of European imperialism and the emergence of new nations in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.

Decolonization refers to the process by which European colonial empires in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East were dismantled, and new nations emerged in their place

The decolonization process was marked by political and social upheaval, as former colonial subjects sought to assert their independence and establish their own political systems.


Causes of Decolonization

There were a number of factors that contributed to the process of decolonization. One of the key factors was the rise of nationalism also anti-colonial movements in the colonies. 

Colonial subjects began to demand independence and self-rule. Inspired by the ideals of democracy also national self-determination that had emerged in Europe after World War II.

The economic cost of maintaining colonial empires was another important factor. After World War II, many European powers were struggling to rebuild their economies, also the cost of maintaining colonies became increasingly burdensome.

In addition, the emerging Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union led to a global focus on the promotion of self-determination and independence, which further fueled the decolonization process.

Decolonization in Africa

A series of struggles for independence marked the decolonization process in Africa. Colonial subjects sought to assert their political and social rights. The process of decolonization began in the 1950s also continued through the 1960s and 1970s. As new nations emerged across the continent.

Violence and conflict marked the process of decolonization in many cases. Colonial powers sought to maintain control and colonial subjects sought to assert their independence. In some cases, decolonization led to civil wars and internal conflict, as new nations struggled to establish stable political systems.

Asia and the Middle East

The decolonization process in Asia and the Middle East followed a similar trajectory to that in Africa. Conflict and violence marked decolonization in many cases. Former colonial subjects sought to establish their own political systems and assert their independence.

The emergence of Israel as a new state in 1948 complicated the process of decolonization in the Middle East. The establishment of Israel led to a series of conflicts with neighboring Arab states. Ongoing conflict and political instability have marked the region ever since.

Legacy of Decolonization

The legacy of decolonization continues to shape the political and social landscape of the world today. The emergence of new nations in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East created new opportunities for economic and social development but also led to ongoing political instability and conflict.

In many cases, the legacy of colonialism continues to shape the political and social structures of former colonial nations, with ongoing struggles over issues such as economic inequality, political corruption, and ethnic conflict.


The process of decolonization was a defining period in the history of the 20th century. The dismantling of European colonial empires gave rise to new nations.

Political and social upheaval marked the process of decolonization. Former colonial subjects sought to assert their independence also establish their own political systems.

The legacy of decolonization continues to shape the political and social landscape of the world today, with ongoing struggles over issues such as economic inequality, political corruption, and ethnic conflict. 

Despite these challenges, the process of decolonization represented an important step towards greater global equality and self-determination and continues to inspire efforts toward social and political justice around the world. 온라인카지노

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The Crusades: Their Origins, Impact, and Legacy

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns waged by European Christians in the Holy Land from the 11th to the 13th centuries. 

Pope Urban II called for a military expedition to recapture the Holy Land from Muslim control, tracing back the origins of the Crusades to the 11th century. It impacted European and Middle Eastern history significantly and its lasting legacy continues to this day.

The First Crusade, launched in 1096, was the most successful of the Crusades. It succeeded in capturing Jerusalem from Muslim control and also established a number of Christian kingdoms in the Holy Land. 

The subsequent Crusades were less successful and ultimately failed to achieve their primary objective of permanently recapturing the Holy Land.

The Crusades

The Crusades had a profound impact on European society, particularly in terms of religion and culture. The idea of holy war became deeply ingrained in European culture and became a symbol of Christian identity and the struggle against the perceived enemies of Christendom. 

Also helped to unite Europe against a common enemy and contributed to the development of a sense of European identity.

Also had significant economic and social impacts. The financing costs were immense, and many European rulers had to impose heavy taxes on their subjects to finance the campaigns.

The Crusades also led to the development of trade between Europe and the Middle East, particularly in luxury goods such as spices, textiles, and precious metals.

The Middle East had a profound impact on the political and social structures of the region. The Crusaders established a number of Christian kingdoms in the Holy Land, which lasted for nearly two centuries

These kingdoms had a significant impact on the local population, particularly in terms of religion and culture. The Crusaders’ attitude towards the local population was often hostile, and there were numerous instances of violence against Muslims and Jews.

The Crusades also had a significant impact on the Islamic world. The Crusaders’ attacks on Muslim lands contributed to a sense of Islamic identity and helped to reinforce the notion of a religious struggle between Christianity and Islam. 

The development of new military technologies and tactics in the Middle East, the use of heavy cavalry, and fortifications.

Historians and scholars debate the complex legacy of the Crusades and continue to do so. On the one hand, the development of European culture also identity contributed to Christianity in the Middle East. 

The religious conflict marked them on the other hand, and it largely had a negative impact on the Middle East.

One of the most enduring legacies was the idea of holy war. Which became deeply ingrained in European culture and contributed to a sense of Christian identity

In the Middle East, the legacy has been more complex. The Crusaders’ attacks on Muslim lands contributed to an Islamic identity to reinforce the notion of Christianity and Islam. 

Also had a significant impact on the political and social structures of the region. Contributing to the fragmentation of the Islamic world and the rise of new Islamic states.

The Middle East still feels the impact of the Crusades’ legacy today. Where the region remains deeply divided along religious and cultural lines.

Continue to be a symbol of religious conflict and intolerance. Their legacy serves as a reminder of the dangers of religious extremism and intolerance. 온라인카지노

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The Renaissance: Its Origins and Influence on Art

The Renaissance: Its Origins and Influence on Art, Science, and Philosophy

The Renaissance was a period in European history, spanning from the 14th to the 17th century, marked by a renewed interest in classical culture and values, as well as an explosion of creativity in the arts, sciences, and philosophy

Italy’s economic, political, and social changes fostered an environment that created new ways of thinking and expression, making it the origin of it.

One of the key factors that contributed to the rise of the Renaissance was the growth of trade and commerce in Italy. Wealthy merchants and bankers emerged as powerful patrons of the arts and sponsored the education of promising young scholars. 


This influx of wealth and resources helped to create a vibrant cultural scene that attracted artists and intellectuals from across Europe.

Another important factor was the rediscovery of classical texts and ideas. In the centuries following the fall of the Roman Empire, many of the works of ancient lost or forgotten. 

However, during the Renaissance, scholars began to rediscover these texts and study them in depth. This led to a renewed interest in classical culture, which in turn influenced art, literature, and philosophy.

Perhaps the most enduring legacy of the Renaissance was its impact on art. Artists during this period began to develop new techniques and styles that emphasized realism, perspective, and emotional expression

Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” is one of the most famous examples of Renaissance art, renowned for its lifelike depiction of the human face and the enigmatic expression of the subject.

Another area where the Renaissance had a profound influence was science. Renaissance thinkers such as Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler made groundbreaking discoveries in astronomy, physics, and mathematics.

They challenged traditional beliefs and developed new theories that laid the foundation for modern science. 

The development of the scientific method, which emphasized observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing, was a key innovation of the Renaissance.

In addition to art and science, the Renaissance also had a significant impact on philosophy. Renaissance thinkers rejected the medieval scholasticism that had dominated intellectual thought which emphasized the value and potential of human beings. 

This new perspective led to the development of new ethical and political theories interested in ancient philosophy.

One of the most famous Renaissance philosophers was Niccolo Machiavelli, who wrote “The Prince,” a treatise on leadership. Machiavelli’s ideas were controversial at the time, as they challenged traditional notions of morality and ethics. 

However, his work has since become a classic of political philosophy and has had a lasting impact on political thought.

Overall, the Renaissance was a period of great innovation that had a profound impact on European culture and society. Its emphasis on classical culture, humanism, and scientific inquiry laid the foundation to shape our world today. 

The legacy of the Renaissance in aspects of our lives, from realism to the scientific method of modern democracy. 카지노사이트

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World War I and II: causes, major events, and Aftermath.

World War I and II were two of the deadliest and most destructive conflicts in human history. Both wars have left a lasting impact on the world, and their legacies continue to be felt even today.

In this essay, I will discuss the causes, major events, and aftermath of both World War I and II.

World War

World War I

World War I began in 1914 and lasted until 1918. The main causes of the war were militarism, alliances, imperialism, and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary

The war involved the major world powers of the time, including Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire, against the Allied powers, which included France, Great Britain, and Russia.

The major events of World War I included the Battle of the Marne, the Battle of Jutland, and the Battle of Verdun. The war also saw the widespread use of new military technologies, such as machine guns, tanks, and chemical weapons. 

The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, which required Germany to pay reparations, disarm, and cede territory to the victorious powers.

The aftermath of World War I marked political instability, economic hardship, and social unrest. The war cost millions of lives and left many countries devastated. The Treaty of Versailles, which many Germans saw as unjust, led to resentment and anger, which contributed to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party in Germany.

World War II

World War II began in 1939 and lasted until 1945. The main causes of the war were the aggressive actions of Nazi Germany and its allies, and the failure of appeasement by the Western powers. 

The war involved the major world powers of the time, including Germany, Italy, and Japan, against the Allied powers, which included the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union.

The major events of World War II included the invasion of Poland by Germany, the bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japan, the Battle of Stalingrad, the D-Day invasion of Normandy, also the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States. 

The war saw the widespread use of air power, submarines, and advanced military technologies. The United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers marking the aftermath of World War II.

The war cost millions of lives also left many countries devastated. They held the Nuremberg Trials to hold Nazi leaders accountable for war crimes and crimes against humanity.


World War I and II were two of the most devastating conflicts in human history. Both of these wars had complex causes and far-reaching consequences that continue to shape the world today. 

World War I saw the collapse of empires, the rise of new ideologies, and the emergence of new military technologies. World War II saw the rise of fascism and totalitarianism and the devastation of entire cities by nuclear weapons.

The aftermath of both wars was characterized by the presence of political instability, economic hardship, and social unrest. Both wars led to the establishment of new international institutions, which sought to prevent future conflicts. Both wars also saw the rise of new superpowers, which competed for global influence and power.

It is important to study the causes of wars, in order to learn from the mistakes toward a just future. The lessons of World War I and II continue today, as the world grapples with new challenges to global peace. 바카라사이트

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The French Revolution: Its Causes and Legacy

The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that began in 1789 and lasted until 1799. It was a time of great change and turmoil, marked by the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy, the establishment of a republic, and the eventual rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. 

A combination of political, economic, and social factors caused the French Revolution, and its impact continues to shape French society and politics to this day.

Causes of the French Revolution

Some of the key factors that contributed to the revolution include:

Political Factors: The French monarchy was seen as corrupt, authoritarian, also out of touch with the needs of the people. 

People saw the French monarchy as corrupt, authoritarian, and also out of touch with their needs.

Economic Factors: France was facing a financial crisis due to the cost of wars and extravagant spending by the monarchy. 

The government was unable to collect enough taxes to pay off its debts, and the country’s economy was in decline.

In French society, the first estates consisted of the clergy also the nobility the majority of the power and wealth. The third estate consisted of the common people.

The third estate, composed of the common people, suffered from a lack of political representation also heavy tax burdens.

French Revolution
Lamartine in front of the Town Hall of Paris rejects the red flag on 25 February 1848. Found in the Collection of Musée Carnavalet, Paris. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

Legacy of the French Revolution

The French Revolution had a profound impact on French society and politics in the rest of Europe and the world. Some of the key legacies of the revolution include:

Republicanism: The French Revolution established the first modern republic in Europe, which replaced the monarchy as the governing system. 

The principles of liberty, equality, also fraternity became the basis of the new republic’s important values in French society today.

Nationalism: The French Revolution helped to create a sense of national identity in France, which was based on a shared language, culture, also history. 

This sense of nationalism has been a powerful force in French politics and the country’s relationship with other nations.

Modernization: The French Revolution paved the way for significant social and economic reforms in France, including the abolition of feudalism, the establishment of a national education system, also the introduction of new technologies.

Human Rights: The French Revolution was a major turning point in the history of human rights.

The revolution and the adoption of the Declaration of the Rights of Citizen established the idea that people are born free.

The Rise of Napoleon: The French Revolution led to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte of the most influential leaders in European history.

People are still discussing Napoleon’s legacy to debate the lasting impact of his reign on France also Europe.


The French Revolution continues to impact France and Europe, as it was a pivotal moment in their history.

A complex set of factors, including economics caused the revolution, which in turn brought about significant changes in politics.

The revolution established the first modern republic in Europe and paved the way for significant social and economic reforms. It also had a profound impact on the development of human rights and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. 바카라사이트

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Conspiracy Theories About Ancient Aliens: Idiocy, Fabrications, And Lies

I’ve purposely avoided Ancient Aliens up until now. We had a hunch that if we watched the program—which popularizes improbable, unsupported nonsense about how extraterrestrial visitors have shaped human history—my brain would wriggle its way out of my skull and prowl the planet in search of a gentler host. Or, at the very least, viewing the show would be about equivalent to a weekend binge in Las Vegas in terms of brain cell death. But then we learned that dinosaurs were the subject of the History Channel’s avalanche of pseudoscience. We prepared ourselves for the suffering as we sat back and observed the insane events.

Actually, I’m relieved that my editors forbid me from using foul language on this site. If they did, my review would essentially consist of swear words. we can only attempt to summarize the glossy, documentary-format garbage in a more logical and reader-friendly manner given my limitations.

The fact that my editors forbid me from using foul language on this site makes me happy in fact. If they did, my entire review would consist mainly of foul language. Given my limitations, we are forced to make an effort to summarize the glossy, documentary-format garbage in a more logical and reader-friendly manner.

The Ancient Aliens program contained so many errors that we could spend the entire week refuting them all. The Gish Gallop, named after young earth creationist Duane Gish, is a typical tactic used by cranks and self-styled science detractors. Gish quickly spouted off a succession of misunderstandings and lies to bury his opponent under an avalanche of fictions and distortions when making public speeches regarding evolution and creationism. Even if Gish’s opponent made an effort to free themselves, they would never be able to move far enough forward to be able to confront Gish head-on. The same strategy is used by Ancient Aliens—the fictions come thick and fast.

Contrary to what certain basic cable cranks would claim, aliens did not exterminate Tyrannosaurus and Triceratops. (Photo shot at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, courtesy of the author)

While the main plot of the episode is that dinosaurs were wiped out by aliens to make room for our species—a sci-fwe scenario supported by some hilarious, spliced-together dinosaur footage running from strafing alien craft, perhaps a preview of Dinosaurs vs. Aliens the movie—the various ancient alien experts do little more than assert that such a thing must have happened. Surprise, surprise—they don’t actually support their allegations with any facts.

Instead, they use circumstantial evidence from extreme Christians who are never called that. Creationist Willie E. Dye is acknowledged as a biblical archaeologist without mentioning his young earth creationist beliefs, and creationist Michael Cremo is simply named as the author of Forbidden Archeology. The makers of Ancient Aliens obviously didn’t care about the credentials or subject matter knowledge of the talking heads they used—all that mattered was that someone spoke the proper things in front of the camera.

The creationists didn’t let us down either. Cremo explains, “Some researchers observed human footprints alongside the footprints of dinosaurs,” about halfway through the program. The quotation, which is a remark taken out of context from Cremo’s interview, is heard in a segment when it is claimed that Roland T. Bird, a paleontologist at the American Museum of Natural History, discovered human footprints beside dinosaur tracks near Glen Rose, Texas.

Such a thing wasn’t discovered by Bird. He discovered numerous dinosaur tracks and footprints—one of which he and his team anachronistically positioned behind the AMNH’s “Brontosaurus”—but no human footprints. Strangely enough, though, Bird’s choice to go to the track locations at first was influenced by fake human footprints.

The sale of sauropod and theropod tracks was a cottage industry in the Glen Rose area before Bird discovered the dinosaur footprints. Additionally, a few locals engraved phony human footprints into the same stone. Just before he departed to study the site firsthand, Bird actually observed two of these forgeries at a trading post in Gallup, New Mexico, together with dinosaur tracks removed from the Glen Rose region.

The frauds failed to deceive Bird. He recognized them for what they were and took a considerably greater interest in the authentic dinosaur footprints found in the same stone. However, some dogmatic creationists have placed their faith in fakes and even dinosaur tracks that they have incorrectly interpreted as being real.

A bit later in the episode, Dye makes another appearance to lend his backing to another example of creationist nonsense: the Peruvian Ica Stones. This time, Dye adopts the typical creationist stance that humans and dinosaurs coexisted. These well-known fakes are stones with engravings of people and dinosaurs interacting. Basilio Uschuya, a farmer, and his wife used popular culture portrayals of dinosaurs in novels as inspiration for their creation. Nevertheless, Dye and the Old Aliens program describe the stones as though they were genuine ancient artifacts that document the existence of dinosaurs like Triceratops up until virtually the present.

Dye claims that because the stones are so accurately etched, ancient people must have known a great deal about dinosaurs, even though we know that the precision was achieved by Uschuya diligently replicating mid-20th century dinosaur art. Our narrator just mentions that scientists are dubious about the stones’ provenance.

There are a couple additional terrible gems in the show. Even though our narrator spends a lot of time discussing how carbon-14 dating is problematic for determining the age of dinosaurs, paleontologists do not utilize carbon-14 to make such estimates. Only carbon-bearing materials that are less than 60,000 years old can be accurately dated using radiocarbon. Instead, to constrain the history of non-avian dinosaurs, paleontologists utilize several radiometric dating methods. Geologists can calculate the age of the rock from which samples were taken by looking at the relative amount of uranium and lead, the element that uranium decays into.

Different dating methods are employed for rocks of various ages, and these methods have produced time estimates for the existence of dinosaurs. The secret is identifying layers, such ash beds, that are above or below layers containing dinosaurs and contain radioactive elements. Geochronologists use the age of the rock beneath or above the dinosaur’s bones, which can be properly dated, to establish how long ago the dinosaur lived. Because it relies on stale creationist talking points, Ancient Aliens criticizes a process that its creators obviously don’t comprehend.

My favorite rambling, however, is on what will ultimately happen to the dinosaurs. Even its own story is difficult for the show to maintain. fringe television character The coelacanth is used by Franklin Ruehl to argue for the contemporary or recent existence of non-avian dinosaurs. Before a live one was discovered in 1938 off the coast of South Africa, these ancient lobe-finned fish, which Ruehl correctly notes were extant long before the first dinosaurs emerged, were believed to be extinct. Since then, a small number of fossil coelacanth discoveries have closed the gap between living examples and those that existed 66 million years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period. 

The coelacanth is a red herring, as paleontologist Darren Naish has repeatedly noted. Coelacanth fossils are uncommon and challenging to detect, at least in strata from the last 66 million years or more. The fact that their fossil record seems to have plateaued is not at all surprising. However, the bones of non-avian dinosaurs were far more distinctive. In fact, when we study time periods that are getting closer to the present, the resolution of prehistoric ages improves. Large, distinctive animals like Triceratops, Stegosaurus, Apatosaurus, and Tyrannosaurus would have appeared in the fossil record by now if they had survived for millions of years following the end-Cretaceous asteroid impact.The evidence is clear—with the exception of avian dinosaurs, all other dinosaur lineages went extinct about 66 million years ago.

But shortly after Ruehl declares, the software completely forgets what he stated. The narrator speculates that aliens altered dinosaur DNA to transform the imposing giants into smaller, less deadly species like the coelacanth near the end of the show. Never mind that more than 360 million years ago, more than 130 million years before the earliest dinosaurs formed, coelacanths were already present in the world’s oceans. The suggestion is just nonsense (as is the whole show, really). Giorgio Tsoukalos, an alien nut with wild hair, then offers up another thought. He claims that although the coelacanth actually did become extinct, millions of years later it was brought back by a “direct assurance from extraterrestrials.” Why? Tsoukalos seemed unconcerned. And most of his fellow talking heads mutter something about aliens paving the path for our race.

The program can’t seem to decide whether dinosaurs somehow survived to the contemporary era or whether aliens wiped them off 66 million years ago. What kind is it? Did aliens exterminate dinosaurs so that humans could survive? Or did some dinosaurs manage to avoid going extinct? Throughout the entire show, conflicting thoughts bounce around like ping-pong balls. Grandpa Simpson’s tales are more logical.

A few actual scientists participated in the program. Throughout the program, paleontologists Luis Chiappe and Mark Wilson, for instance, make an appearance. We can’t help but feel sorry for them, and we wonder if scientists ought to just stop participating in such initiatives. Programs like Ancient Aliens merely take advantage of scientists, even while we believe it is important and desirable to expose incorrect claims made in the name of science, such as intelligent design and the fiction of living dinosaurs. Responsible scholars are frequently misrepresented in order to promote the unfounded fictions spread by the extraterrestrial fan club.

It would appear that programs like Ancient Aliens, MonsterQuest, and Finding Bigfoot have little to no interest in really discussing science. Speculation that is the most startling will always win. These programs simply do not favor scientists.

Some of the most toxic filth on television may be found in Ancient Aliens. Fanatics are given free rein while real experts are called in to deliver soundbites that are misinterpreted and taken out of context. We can only assume that the program is purposefully deceiving viewers because fiction is presented as fact and real scientific information is so egregiously misrepresented. It is abhorrent of the History Channel spinoff to offer the program as a documentary on a network that airs non-fiction programming. Technically speaking, Ancient Aliens airs on H2, a History Channel subsidiary. If the network and the show’s producers want to portray Ancient Aliens as a brief examination of radical concepts and make it obvious that the concepts aren’t meant to

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The History of the Australian Slang Word “Smoko” and Its Place in Modern Trade and Farming Days

If you are a merchant or you work in the ground, when it’s time to cut down, pull out stumps, make thorns, that means it’s time to smoke.

An Australian company, the mid-morning break in recent years has become very healthy, linked to smoking cessation and other opportunities to recharge for the day. Attracting international attention due to Smoko’s famous song by Australian band The Chats, the word killer has come into the limelight and many are now wondering what it is and where it came from.

What is smoko? The Macquarie Dictionary defines smoko as (1) a break from morning or afternoon work, initially to allow time for workers to smoke; (2) food or drink consumed at that time.

Specialists in the field of smoko actually work at the Australian National Dictionary Center in Canberra. Mark Gwynn is a senior researcher at the center and said the official explanation is available.

“It’s a tea break, a break from work,” he said. “It can also mean the food and drinks that are served during this holiday season.”

Read: An Interesting Computer Fact That Many People Do Not Know

Kennedy MP Bob Katter takes a daily cigarette break.

“Smoko is the reason why we shouldn’t be working too much during the day,” he said. “When I had the drummers working in St. Francis [Station], they thought the smoke should be there 20 hours a day.

“For smoko, I like tea with condensed milk and a piece of toast with butter on it.”

For down-to-earth people like Ray Fleming in McKinlay, North West Queensland, smoking provides an opportunity to recharge. “It’s just a morning break to stop for 10 minutes and have medicine and something to eat and put fuel in the tank and come back again,” he said.

The Beginning of the Word

The origin of smoko is difficult to find, but experts believe that it started as a call to workers in the form of “smoke-oh! smoke-oh!”. “The first evidence for the word is that we see that it is spelled with an H at the end, so it comes from a call to the bottom of the device,” Gwynn said.

The first evidence of the eruption itself dates back to the mid-1850s. “There are some early references to this break where the guys put down their tools and have a smoke that was recorded in the Victorian Gold Rush era,” he said.

Queenslanders will be happy to know that the Sunshine State can claim to have used the term first. “Our first evidence came from the Moreton Bay Courier,” Mr Gwynn said.

The word has changed recently, with a call to gather for a smoke and a chance to drink coffee rolls and sausages. “It’s really out there in the blue in the business world these days that we don’t necessarily all have to have a cigarette or even a vape, it’s really about the vacation itself and having a vacation .” Gwynn said.

A Favorite Smoke Remedy for Rural Australians

Whether you’re working on a construction site in the city or rounding up cattle in the countryside, smoko can only compete with what’s in your lunchbox. Scones, cakes, pastries, sangas, what are the must-haves these days?

Grazier Jay Hughes from Richmond, North West Queensland, said his favorite snack was scones. He said: “My grandmother made them, so we grew up with them when we were children 카지노사이트.

“It will be jam first, then cream last.”

The classic scone is a favorite among locals, including Ruth Chaplain who lives in Wynberg Station, near Cloncurry in northwest Queensland. “My favorite thing about smoko would be anything freshly baked, I hope it’s not me!” he says.

“My mother-in-law makes really good pumpkin pies, and they’re great, they last a long time, our favorite.”

For those who love to cook, like Lachlan Smith of McKinley in North West Queensland, the world is yours when it comes to edibles. “My favorite smoko is raspberry candy,” he said.

But not all rural Australians follow the one-cup-and-treat approach, with some, like rancher Adam Coffey of Miriam Vale in central Queensland, opting for a “big cup of coffee”. during his vacation. “I’m a bit of a coffee snob now and a little bit, but I bought a coffee machine six or seven years ago,” he said.

“I took this plain white for smoko and it must be good coffee, not instant.”

Continue ReadingThe History of the Australian Slang Word “Smoko” and Its Place in Modern Trade and Farming Days

About the Most Brilliant Season, We’re Covering the Historical backdrop of the Christmas

The sixteenth century holiday song “God Rest Ye Joyful Honorable men” says, “God rest ye happy, refined men/Let nothing you alarm/Recall, Christ, our Deliverer/Was brought into the world on Christmas Day.” It’s a wonderful ditty, conspicuous in many families today. But the Christmas season doesn’t necessarily feel soothing, Christ was possible not brought into the world on December 25, and not all Christians all over the planet commend his introduction to the world on that specific day. Christmas was even restricted in Boston for a period! There’s some making sense of to do.

In this way, while many individuals might believe there’s a straightforward and speedy clarification for the historical backdrop of Christmas, the genuine story is considerably more mind boggling. Luckily, we’re here to unload (or, open up, we ought to say!) how this famous festival began.

What are the beginnings of Christmas?

The standard thing “go-to” answer is that the principal Christmas occurred on Jesus Christ’s birthday.

And keeping in mind that it’s actual we commend the introduction of Jesus Christ at Christmas (note the word mix of “Christ” and “Mass”), this particular festival didn’t start until the fourth 100 years — before that, Easter was the principal festivity for Christians.

In third-century Rome, its residents commended the colder time of year solstice, the mid-December celebration Saturnalia for the lord of Saturn and the birthday of the sun god, Sol Invictus, on December 25. There are two or three unique convictions about why that date was taken on by Christians to observe Jesus Christ’s introduction to the world.

One conviction is that St. Hippolytus asserted December 25 for Christianity first when he said in quite a while editorial on the book of Daniel (composed around 205 Promotion) that the birthdate of Jesus was December 25 (researchers disagree this specific date was the genuine birthdate) 카지노사이트 추천.

As per History.com, Pope Julius I picked December 25 “with an end goal to embrace and retain the practices of the agnostic Saturnalia celebration.”

For what reason truly do certain individuals observe Christmas Day in January?

In fact, the first Christmas celebration was really seen on January 7. It’s simply that the Julian schedule (otherwise called the “Old Schedule”) was once utilized since Julius Caesar’s time up until Pope Gregory XIII’s change, when the Gregorian schedule was embraced. With the change, north of seven days of days in the year were lost.

Thus, utilizing the Julian schedule, as Conventional Christians actually do, simply implies December 25 is on an alternate day. The main recorded Christmas festivity was December 25, 336 Promotion. The date was picked on the grounds that it is nine months after the Annunciation, which observes Christ’s origination in the belly of the Virgin Mary, on Walk 25 (additionally the date of the spring equinox).

Since there was/is importance to how much time between the spring equinox and Christmas Day, it didn’t appear to be legit for them to celebrate prior in light of the fact that numerous others embraced the new Dec. 25 as the Christmas festivity.

Read: Some of the Interesting Events in History

The Universal Christians who follow the Julian schedule (the vast majority of Western Christianity utilizes the Gregorian schedule) incorporate devotees coming from places like Israel, Russia, Greece and Egypt, they actually observe Christmas on this day. Actually, these Standard adherents notice the Nativity and Love of the Shepherds on January 6, and Reverence of the Magi in addition to Christmas Day on January 7. These Blowout days are tied in with going to chapel and social occasion with friends and family for sumptuous dinners.

When was Christmas dropped in America?

At the point when Puritan pioneers showed up in 1620, they trusted Christmas to be excessively extreme and they didn’t commend the occasion, accepting “there was no scriptural reason for recognizing Christmas.” as a matter of fact, observing Christmas was really prohibited in Boston from 1659-1681!

When did Christmas turn into an authority occasion?

Christmas became perceived as a government occasion close to two centuries after the fact in 1870.

Christmas celebrations can grow well past December 25

While we’re investigating things like church history and the congregation schedule, we ought to perceive that for some Christians, Christmas Day is important for a twelve-day festivity. See the reason why there’s little reprieve associated with Christmas? 바카라사이트 That is a ton of strict devouring! Then, we’ve added a great deal of commercialization to the season too.

However, Christmastide is really a ritualistic season, beginning after Coming and finishing at some point in January. For certain Christians, the season closes on January 6 (or the Sunday nearest to this date), the Day of Revelation (commending the Savvy Men who visited Jesus). Others celebrate for forty days, finishing on February 2, which is known as Candlemas (commending the introduction of Jesus in the sanctuary).

Read: History Online is an asset for history specialists

What is up with every one of the varieties to the Christmas season?

On the off chance that you investigate the historical backdrop of essentially anything, it’s perplexing. The early Christians praised the manifestation of God, from the annunciation to his restoration, on an assortment of dining experience days. They additionally praised the progressions in season, alongside different individuals from their local area, on days like spring solstice and winter solstice.

For a period, the strict reliable coming to America didn’t observe Christmas by any means, needing to isolate themselves from England and show respect to the Book of scriptures by not celebrating on Dec. 25. What’s more, as an update, Christmas didn’t turn into a government occasion until 1870.

Read: Maximus, a T. Rex Skull, Might Fetch $20 Million at Auction

Continue ReadingAbout the Most Brilliant Season, We’re Covering the Historical backdrop of the Christmas

19 Ways to Make a Lot of Money if You Love History

If you are determined to pursue your passion and enter a field including history or archaeology, you have many options when it comes to high paying jobs.

We checked the Occupational Information Network (O*NET), a US Department of Labor database that compiles detailed information about hundreds of occupations, and looked at salary data on the state Bureau of Labor Statistics website. States to find positions with a median annual salary. .more than $60,000 which requires a deep knowledge of history. O * NET defines the importance of “knowledge of historical events and their causes, manifestations and effects on civilization and culture” in each work, assigning to each “level of historical importance history” between 1 and 100.

Judging from this list, it’s usually make or break academics for historians. Unfortunately, historians themselves cannot tell the difference, because the salary for this job is $55,800 per year. 바카라사이트

Here are high-paying positions with historical importance ratings of 45 or higher:


Median cost: $61,220

Level of historical importance: 98

Archaeologists conduct research to reconstruct records of human life and past cultures from human remains, artifacts, structures, and materials obtained from excavations, water recovery, and ‘under, or other means of detection.


Median cost: $61,220

Level of historical importance: 82

Anthropologists study, analyze, and establish public policy about human origins.

Foreign language teachers and books

Average price: $61,380

Report importance level: 57

Foreign language and literature teachers at the high school level teach languages ​​and literature in languages ​​other than English. Landscape architects

Median cost: $63,480

Story importance level: 45

Landscape architects plan and design land for projects such as parks and residential developments.

English Language and Post-Secondary Literacy Teachers

Median cost: $63,730

Story importance level: 48

Post-secondary English language and literature teachers teach courses in English language and literature, including linguistics and comparative literature.

Teachers of art, drama and music

Median cost: $65,340

Level of historical importance: 64

Art, drama, and music teachers attend high school, and teach courses in drama, music, and art, including fine and applied arts, such as painting and sculpture, or design and visual arts.

History teachers

Average price: $69,400

Level of historical importance: 100

High school history teachers teach courses in human history and history. Social scientists

Average price: $73,760

Level of historical importance: 50

Sociologists study human relations and social relations by examining organizations and institutions in developing societies, as well as various social, religious, and political organizations. and business.

Architecture teachers

Average price: $73,920

Story importance level: 68

Architecture professors teach courses in architecture and design, such as architectural design, interior design, and landscape architecture. They also do research.


Median cost: $74,260

Level of historical importance: 61

Geologists study the nature and use of land on Earth, combining and explaining physical and cultural relationships.

analytical intelligence

Median cost: $78,120

Story importance level: 45

Intelligence analysts collect, analyze or analyze information from various sources.

Continue Reading19 Ways to Make a Lot of Money if You Love History

Maximus, a T. Rex Skull, Might Fetch $20 Million at Auction

A giant fossilized skull that once belonged to a Tyrannosaurus rex will go up for auction next month. Experts from Sotheby’s – which is offering the specimen at an auction in New York on December 9 – said the 76-million-year-old skull is one of the oldest archaeologists have ever discovered, and known only by hand preserved in the museum. Is expected to sell $ 15 to 20.

Hunters noticed the breast skull, secretly, secret in Hearing, which is located on the area of ​​health, south of Dataka. The site has revealed several other famous T. rex fossils, including Sue, which fetched $8.3 million when it became the first dinosaur to be auctioned in 1997, and Stan, which sold for $31.8 million in 2020. The scholars in Tricitops, Ahmontusa, AnmonolasaaaA, Pachyescaeas and other creations during cretaceous times.

T. Rex skull on pedestal

Its skull weighs 200 kilograms and is placed on a metal base. Courtesy of Sotheby’s
Sotheby’s has not disclosed who discovered Maximus or identified its current owner. But auctioneer officials said in a statement that the skull’s survival was “extremely lucky” as weather and erosion eat away other dinosaur bones.

“Excavated in one of the most concentrated areas for T. rex remains, the skull retains much of its original shape and surface and even the smallest and strongest bones are intact, with a high degree of scientific integrity,” Henry Galiano, Sotheby’s curator of history, says in a statement. “Without the work of experienced field experts who carefully collected and preserved this skull, it would have been damaged and lost and science forever.” Monday After: Bits of History and Pop Culture

The winner will be able to lift a 200-pound, 6-foot-7.5 table on a steel bar. All bones are from a single T. rex – the owner did not include any composite parts – which is also extremely rare. The teeth carried the teeth to carry the area, and many external bones and many high teeth.

The lens of two spaces, indicating that maximus must have a dinosaur in other dancos, perhaps. rex. Sotheby’s experts do not know what caused the physical death. Frontal view of T. rex skull
Sotheby’s says that Maximus is one of T. rex skulls that archaeologists have yet to discover.

The fact that it is only a skull, and not a complete skeleton, can make the specimen even better. “When you think about it, more people can fit a skull in their home than people who could fit a full dinosaur,” Cassandra Hatton, head of science and popular culture at Sotheby’s, told The Associated Press.

The Maximus auction follows another high-priced fossil sale. In May, Christie’s sold a nearly complete collection of Deinonychus antirrhopus for $12.4 million, exceeding the pre-auction estimate of $4-6 million. Christie’s also offers a complete T. rex skeleton in Hong Kong later this month; this example should fetch between fifteen and twenty-five million dollars. 온라인카지노

The practice of selling dinosaur pets to private sellers is a matter of debate among paleontologists and other experts. Some say the sale allows private collectors to get their hands on — and hide from — museum pieces, while others fear high prices could encourage illegal mining.

Of course, museums are free to donate, which is exactly what happened to Stan, who is now at the Museum of Nature in Abu Dhabi. More than 25 years ago, Sue also visited the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago.

Conclusion on T. king rex

All bones come from one person.
Official auctioneers such as Sotheby’s defend the sale, arguing that private buyers often let researchers find the items in the end. “Individual collectors play an important role in the distribution of art in museum collections, often donating or lending objects for permanent or long-term viewing and research,” Hatton told Artnet. in August. “… [I] collectors are passionate about the study and preservation of fossils, and the joy of sharing these wonderful things with others is common in the collecting community.

Continue ReadingMaximus, a T. Rex Skull, Might Fetch $20 Million at Auction

A Historical Look at Baccarat and Its Evolution

Baccarat is a game of choice for high rollers around the world, as the game combines action and excitement in a very player-friendly way, making it an attractive game for players who want playing high stakes. There is no other game in the casino that offers higher odds and more fun than the baccarat table .

The origins of the game are debated, as some experts will tell you that the game became popular in 15th century Italy, while others point to 19th century France as the origin of the game. 카지노사이트.

In this article, we will walk through the history of baccarat, tell you where the game really began, and more importantly, focus on how the game eventually became what it is today and how it will -how to continue and how to start in the future. Let’s start by taking a trip back in time and look at the history of baccarat!

History of Baccarat

Although much of the history of baccarat is disputed, what cannot be disputed about baccarat is that the game attracts kings, princes and high rollers. Baccarat is not a game for ordinary people, and it continues to this day, because baccarat is almost always found in the upper rooms of casinos. When you try to find baccarat back to its roots, you will quickly discover that the reason why no one has a strong idea where the game started is that modern baccarat is a combination of many games that are joined together. in the game we see. casino land these days. Let’s take a look at some of these baccarat types first below.

The original version of baccarat

Although none of these games resemble modern baccarat, they all played a role in the evolution of the game to where it is today. Without these baccarat ancestors, tracing the history of baccarat would be impossible. Macau
Personally, when I see the similarities between Macau and baccarat, games that are fundamentally different enough that I can not Trace the history of baccarat back 17th century Asia, where we first saw Macau played.  Baccarat: Simple Strategy ang Guide

Macau uses baccarat-style cards, but instead of creating rules for drawing, players can request cards, in the original version of the game, if they pass 9 they fall, like in blackjack. Macau is still played in its original form today, as the game is widespread in Europe and is now popular in Russia. Although I will not go to say that Macau is the beginning of the baccarat style, there is certainly part of the game that is used today, so you can completely ignore Macau’s work and evolution.

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The next game we will talk about is Chemin De Fer. Chemin De Fer originated in the early 19th century in France and, surprisingly, it is still the most popular form of baccarat in France today. Like Macau, players have the right to accept or reject drawing cards, and instead of a fixed dealer, he moves around the table, players can accept or reject the work of the banker. If you have seen the Big Baccarat table, it is like Chemin De Fer, because the shoes move around the table, and depending on how each player wants to bet, the banker can change, even in the middle. hands. Baccarat

Bank Company

Baccarat Banque looks and plays like Chemin De Fer, the main difference is that the banker’s hand does not always change from player to player. All players have the opportunity to play as a bank, where it is sold before the start of each hand. The highest bidder for the bank gets the option to exit the game, and unless the player runs out of money during the hand, the dealer remains the same until the hand ends. – finished. One aspect of this game that I find particularly exciting is that if the banker runs out of money during the hand and cannot pay all the winnings, the player pays n ‘system, and when the money runs out, it runs out, and other players don’t pay!

Related article: How to Play Baccarat for Beginners (August 2022)

Point Banco Company

Punto Banco is the most popular type of baccarat that is played today, because the game causes many baccarat events. Many baccarat players don’t realize that punto banco is not the only game that baccarat is played, as it is the only type of game you will find in most markets.

Punto Banco has been played regularly for at least two hundred years, but it is not known exactly when the game entered its current form. In Punto Banco, all draws are determined by a predetermined set of rules, and the house clears the game.

Continue ReadingA Historical Look at Baccarat and Its Evolution

Much History Will Be Written in the Indo-pacific in the Coming Years: Biden

Washington: The United States is committed to ensuring that the Indo-Pacific is free, open, stable and secure, President Joe Biden said, saying that much of the history of the world will be written in this region. very important in the next few years.The president told the visiting leaders of 12 Pacific island countries in Washington on Thursday in the first meeting to protect the Indo-Pacific region and keep the island countries away from China’s growing influence. growth, which in the past few years has done something special. local media efforts. “Today, security in the Pacific and the Pacific Islanders is more important than ever for us and I hope for you. America’s security, in fact, and the world’s security depends on your security and the security of the Pacific Islands. I really mean it,” Biden said.

He said that the purpose of this meeting is to make a permanent commitment between himself and the future that will be shared and the commitment to solve the climate problem, which threatens everyone. The meeting brought together leaders from Fiji, Solomon Islands, Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu, Marshall Islands, Palau, Samoa, Tonga, Polynesia, New Caledonia and the Cook Islands.

“We are seeing the effects of climate change all over the world, including in the United States right now. And I know that your country is very sensitive. For all of you, this is a real threat. It’s a real threat,” Biden said.

“We also believe that we will work together to rebuild the world economy in a fair way because of the COVID-19 and the war with Russia, to ensure that the Indo-Pacific region is free and open, stable and has prosperity, stability and security.” “Much of the history of our world” will be written in the Indo-Pacific in the coming years and decades, he said, adding that the Pacific Islands are an important voice in shaping this future.

“That is why my administration has made it a priority to strengthen our relationship with your country in the Pacific Islands Forum,” he said. Biden announced more than $810 million in expanded US programs to improve the lives of Pacific Islanders, including more than $130 million in new investments to support climate resilience and build a blue economy in Pacific Islanders; prepare for climate impacts on public health and food security, and strengthen sustainable development; and to strengthen early warning capabilities to predict, prepare for and respond to climate risks. 9 Reasons People Laugh About Your Technology

“It will build on about $375 million in climate programs that we currently have in place,” he said. Biden announced that his administration will also take several important political steps.

He said, “I am pleased to announce that after due consultation, we will recognize the Cook Islands and Niue as pre-existing countries.” “We hope to successfully conclude negotiations for a Compact of Free Association with three of our closest regional partners – the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Republic of Palau,” he said. – he declares. 카지노사이트

According to the White House, the meeting reflects the expansion and deepening of American cooperation on issues such as climate change, epidemics and economic recovery, maritime security, environmental protection and the promotion of a free and open Indo-Pacific. The Biden administration believes that the Pacific island region – an “ocean continent” covering almost 15% of the Earth’s surface – is an important Indo-Pacific region.

It conveys opportunities and challenges, from the climate crisis to the confusing geopolitical landscape. “The United States understands that geography connects the future of the Pacific to ours: America’s progress in security depends on maintaining the freedom and openness of the Pacific region,” he said.

The White House said it will coordinate with its allies and partners – and the Pacific Islands – to avoid duplication and best serve the needs of the Pacific Islands. He said he will get results from Quad and Blue Pacific Partners and in line with the Global Infrastructure and Investment Partnership.

“We will engage in various partnerships with France, the Republic of Korea, the European Union, India and other Pacific Island partners to support the Pacific in climate change and adaptation; education and employment opportunities; financial opportunities; and protection of the water sector and habitat,” the White House said. In November 2017, the United States, Australia, India and Japan gave shape to the long-term strategic force Quad to develop a new plan to maintain a critical sea route in the Indo-Pacific. free from all effects, in the middle. China.

Continue ReadingMuch History Will Be Written in the Indo-pacific in the Coming Years: Biden